How Sleep Deprivation Affects You

In order to fully understand when sleep deprivation becomes dangerous, it is important to understand the crucial role that good quality sleep plays in maintaining good health throughout one’s life. Getting a sufficient amount of quality sleep at the proper times can help protect your mental and physical health, quality of life, and safety.

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How you think while you are awake depends in part on what goes on while you are asleep. Throughout sleep, your body is trying to support brain performance and maintain your overall health. In teens and kids, adequate sleep also helps support development and growth.

The effect of sleep deprivation can happen in an instant (such as an automobile crash) or can occur over time. For instance, continuous sleep deprivation can increase the risk of some persistent health issues. Additionally, it can impact just how healthy you feel, react, how you perform at your job, creativity, as well as social interaction.

 

Optimal Brain Function and Emotional Well Being:

Sleep will help your mind work correctly. While you are sleeping, your brain is preparing for the following day. It is forming new pathways that will help you find out as well as recall info.

In discussing the role of sleep in memory and learning, Pierre Maquet suggested that a great night’s sleep improves learning by helping the consolidation of fresh memory traces. Whether you are learning math, how to play the piano, or how to buy a house, good quality sleep can help to enhance your problem-solving abilities. Adequate sleep or rest also makes it possible to give consideration, make choices, as well as be creative.

Sleep deprivation

When you are sleep deprived, you might have difficulty making choices, solving issues, controlling your behaviour and emotions, as well as your ability to cope with change. Sleep deprivation is also linked to depression, suicide, and risk-taking behaviour.

Teens, as well as children that are sleep deprived, might have issues getting along with other people. They might feel impulsive and angry, have mood swings, feel sad or maybe depressed, and lack inspiration. Additionally, they might have issues paying attention, and they might get lower grades and feel stressed.

Actual physical health:

Good quality sleep promotes the repair and healing of your heart as well as your blood vessels. Chronic sleep deprivation can lead to an increased risk of heart disorders, kidney disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, and stroke.

A  systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies published in Sleep 2018 suggest a significant link between obesity in teenagers a lack of sleep and an increased risk of sleep helps to maintain the level of hormones in the body, such as in controlling appetite.  If you do not get adequate sleep or rest, your level of ghrelin goes up, and your level of leptin goes down. This makes you feel hungrier than if you were well-rested or have had enough sleep.

Sleep also affects how your body responds to insulin, the hormone which controls your blood glucose (sugar) level. Sleep deficiency leads to a higher demand for insulin, which might increase your risk of diabetes.

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Safety and Performance:

Getting a sufficient amount of quality sleep at the proper times will help you function better during the day. Individuals who are sleep deficient are much less effective at school as well as work. They take longer to complete tasks, have a slower reaction time, and are more likely to make mistakes.

Not enough sleep causes one to catnap or microsleep. Microsleep refers to brief moments of rest which arise when you are awake.

You cannot manage microsleep, and also you may not be conscious of it. For instance, have you driven someplace but are not able to recall that part of the trip? In that case, you might have encountered microsleep.

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Even if you were not driving, microsleep impacts on the way you function. When you are listening to a lecture, for instance, you may miss several of the information because you have dozed off and not be aware that you were asleep.

 

Sleep deprivation can dangerously affect reaction times during driving. (<—tweet this) It can also impact on work performance in most lines of work, such as health care workers, pilots, pupils, lawyers, mechanics, and assembly line workers.

Sleep deprivation isn’t just unsafe on an individual level but can impact the wider population.  Examples would be the role of human errors linked to tragic accidents, for example, nuclear reactor meltdowns, grounding of ships, and aviation accidents.

References

https://doi.org/10.1093/sleep/zsy018

https://science.sciencemag.org/content/294/5544/1048.full

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